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What is self-reflecting AI?

We discuss Elon's plans, Daning-Kruger effect, and AI papers.


Barun Pandey & Barun Sharma
April 14, 2023

GM! Welcome to The Status Code.

We're like explorers, uncovering new frontiers of AI discovery for you to marvel at.

Here’s what we have for today:

  1. 👯🏻Self-reflecting GPT

  2. ❌Elon’s X project

  3. 🔅Dunning-Kruger Effect

(Estimated reading time: 3 minutes 10 seconds)

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Two Headlines

Two main stories of last week. If you have only ~2 minutes to spare

1/ 👯🏻Self-reflecting GPT

We got GPT-4 last month.

Researchers and experts just had enough time to play with GPT-4 and wrap up findings on GPT-3.5.

Let’s deep dive into two papers:

Ever heard of NPCs?

In a game, NPCs are non-playable characters that help move the story along. What if they could think for themselves?

Well, some folks at Stanford and Google Research made it happen. They created a town with 25 people, each with a unique personality, and some living in families in a sandbox.

Each person is a generative agent.

Then, they added three components to each agent:

Observation, Planning, and Reflection

Turns out, a big language model like GPT-3.5 can encode a wide range of human behavior in its training data.

These agents even threw a Valentine's Day party. One asked another to be their date!

Imagine how much scripting it would take to create a party scene and plan behaviors for each character. But, when given the freedom, they acted on their own.

Lastly, the models learned from their mistakes. If an agent behaved oddly, they'd notice next time.

Speaking of reflection, we have another paper on that.

What if we made GPT learn from its mistakes?

Human innovation was built on reflection. We have reached here by accepting mistakes and trying new things.

Apparently, it’s almost the same with GPTs.

Each agent gets to reflect on their actions and improve their performance.

At first, reflection in GPT is cheaper and less memory-intensive than training.

Researchers found that reflection enables intuitive search queries, meaning the models benefit from a chain reaction.

In conclusion, reflection could be a second type of memory.

So, why do we need it?

Well, you can test social science theories with these adaptations. And game devs can create NPC foundations with less effort.

The only challenge is making sure the most relevant pieces of the agent's memory are retrieved and synthesized when needed.

2/ ❌Elon’s X project

Elon Musk has big plans for Twitter! And it's more than just changing the logo to Doge.

Last week was huge for Twitter. It secretly merged with X company, the online payment firm Elon used for PayPal.

And 10,000 graphics processing units (GPU) were purchased on Twitter. GPUs of that scale are purchased for computing AI models.

The total investment comes to around $155M!

This is interesting since Musk recently agreed to stop AI research with other stakeholders. He also brought AI engineers from DeepMind, like Igor Babuschkin and Manuel Kroiss.

While there's no proof they're working on Twitter, this could be the ChatGPT alternative Elon mentioned before.

Last we heard, Babuschkin was building a team. So, if the GPUs are in, things are taking shape. If they use Twitter data, it'll be the most advanced use of data yet.

Now, looking at Elon's past, this will be a hit or miss. His investments don't look great right now. Tesla's shares are dropping after he joined Twitter. Boring Co. and Neuralink are paused and in development, respectively.

One Trend

1 trend you can pounce on. Reading time: ~1 minute 10 seconds

🔅Dunning-Kruger Effect

"Half-knowledge is dangerous."

We've heard this many times, right? Well, it's the core idea of the Dunning-Kruger effect.

Stanford scientists David Dunning and Justin Kruger tested people's performance in the ’90s. They found out that low-performing folks rated their skills higher than they actually were.

Take me, for example:

When I first learned to drive, I got overconfident. I drove in the city, hung out with friends (without a license), and then took the test.

Yep, you guesses it right; I failed miserably.

Now, think about the large data of AI.

AI is used in self-driving cars to see the environment, make decisions, and navigate. But sometimes things go wrong.

We have seen videos of Tesla cars to see trucks as two small cars. Or the car may not have data about a certain model of a vehicle.

You’re driving, and there’s one thing the car doesn’t recognize, and BOOM, you’ve just crashed.

The Dunning-Kruger effect also shows up in AI tools like ChatGPT.

I’ve made a formula:

AI confidence = Training Data Quality + Self Assessment Capability / Overconfidence Threshold

  1. Training Data Quality: accuracy and reliability of the data

  2. Self-Assessment Capability: system's ability to recognize its limitations

  3. Overconfidence Threshold: A value that keeps AI systems from being too confident

We have to accept this effect to make progress in AI.

And AI development cannot stop until we perfect it.

But, we can set policies and thresholds for training data. We can also make sure AI systems recognize when they're wrong, like with Reflexion.

It's high time for authorities and governments to wake up and pay attention.

🦾What happened this week

  • OpenAI announced their Bug Bounty program

  • Google’s recycle sorting robot

  • Stanford’s ML scholar program is now accepting applications

  • Mark Maunder wrote this article on AI Innovation

  • Alibaba is bringing their ChatGPT-rival to all their product soon

  • OpenAGI, the LLM x domain experts paper, was released

  • OpenAI also released their code for their consistency model

  • Have a look at CAMEL, an interactive ChatGPT and agents collaboration

  • This article goes into why we need to slow down on AI

💰Funding Roundup

  • Intelligence platform Native AI raised $3.5M in seed funding

  • Marketing company Stagwell raised $1M in funding for AI platforms

  • US 1st in countries with high investments received by startups

  • An AI-focused project, CryptoGPT secured $10M in funding

  • AI firm Xapien closed £4.5M in funding

  • Carbon Robotics raised $30M to sell AI-powered robots

  • R&D company NobleAI secured $17M in Series A funding

  • Investing firm In Revenue Capital raised $3.8M in funding

  • AI software firm Fivecast raised AUS$30M in Series A funding

🐤Tweet of the week

gen z graduating into a recession while all entry level jobs are being replaced by AI

— BEP-01055 (@GiuseppeBisceg5)
Apr 13, 2023

😂 Meme of the week

That’s it for this week, folks! If you want more, be sure to follow our Twitter (@CallMeAIGuy)

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